Other Art Evolution, 2013 Start with a mesh of a 3d sphere and let a mix of algorithms work on it freely. The initial shape goes through a set of unexpected and radical changes. Holes and spikes may appear, deformations occur. At a given moment, driven by a sense of rightness, you stop the process and send the model to a 3d printing machine. A while after you have an original sculpture. The essential of this new kind of art work is done by machines. Your role is to start and finish the process. It may seem very important, depicted as the inspired touch, the moment of “true” creation, but in fact it can easily be automated. We can imagine a chain of machines creating and printing continuously original sculptures without human intervention. (Actually this is one of my projects). Why is this interesting? Artists have always used machines. A sharp stone in the hands of the Paleolithic man was a machine to engrave visions and launch the primordial abstract thought. The camera obscura was a machine that helped renaissance artists to enhance realism and optical effects in their paintings. Photography, cinema, video and computers are machines that expand perception and create new realities. But today we have machines that are more than just tools. Machines that can be creative on their own. Machines that generate novelty. My work, with machines and robots, is an announcement of the future. The process is underway and unavoidable. It is prompted by need and imagination when will share the planet with artificial species that are endowed with autonomy, intelligence, creativity and consciousness. The association between man and machine is – and will keep on being for a long while –, of a symbiotic kind. Both entities have much to gain from the cooperation and, actually, once initiated, it becomes unbearably to function without it. Already today we cannot live without a cellphone or a computer. This symbiotic relationship liberates man from archaic tasks. Machines do things better and have multitask skills, which are very limited in humans. More important, to recognize machine creativity puts an end to human centrality and its putative exclusiveness in what originality is concerned. Art is a cultural concept. As such it did change over time and will keep on doing so. A century ago abstract art was not yet recognized. Soon we may accept machine and robot production as an original art form. RUR, the birth of the robot, 2010 RUR [The Birth of the Robot] is my version of the playwright R.U.R. (Rossum’s Universal Robots) written in 1920 by the Czech author Karel Ĉapek. The dystopian narrative and the fact that the word Robot was employed for the first time to designate autonomous machines made the play a classic. In my version RUR’s robotic characters are represented by real robots, which have a more active role in the narrative. The play also updates the issue of the conflict between men and increasingly advanced machines. Three robots, Baba, Primus and Helena, move freely, talk, perform and interact with the human actors in a fairly autonomous manner. RUR [The Birth of the Robot] is an innovative art work that combines science, technology and art. The play was performed in August 2010 in São Paulo, Brazil, at the Itaú Cultural. Bioart, 2008 A series of works with degrading vegetables over time. Alive, 2007 FastForward, Palazzo delle Arti Napoli A series of boid like robots interact with visitors and themselves. When they detect movement in the room robots start moving up and down reacting to each other. Swarm sculptures, 2000 Swarm Sculptures were produced based on Marco Dorigo’s ant algorithm. In fact, the virtual ants walk on a kind of toroidal space that can be translated in a 3D sphere. Peaks represent higher pheromone deposition.